We get it: it is onerous to get off the bed on chilly nights to observe the August sky, however anybody with braveness and dedication will be rewarded. This month will see the height of considered one of our most anticipated meteor showers of the 12 months, the Perseids, and a number of good alternatives to see planets akin to Mars, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter and Mercury.
In addition, August 29 will be our first launch “window” for NASA’s Artemis I mission, the primary in an area program supposed to return people to the lunar floor. This maiden flight will be unmanned, however it’s a crucial stage: that is the place NASA will check all of the devices on the SLS rocket and the Orion capsule, earlier than we begin sending astronauts to Artemis II, in 2023, or making an attempt to land on time. the Artemis III, in 2025 or 2026.
Major astronomical events within the sky in August
August 2: We begin the month with a conjunction between Mars and Uranus, that’s, the 2 planets will be very near the sky. The pair will seem on the jap horizon round 1 a.m., with Uranus to the south of Mars. The stars will be greater within the sky simply earlier than daybreak, to the north, with Uranus under and to the left of the purple planet.
Its proximity to Mars makes it simpler to search out Uranus, which makes it a superb alternative to see it. But you may want binoculars with good magnification or a small telescope to see something, as a result of it is one of the distant planets within the photo voltaic system, so it is partially lit.
August 12: within the second week of the month we will have one other conjunction, this time between the Moon and Saturn. Look for the couple heading north at 0:55 am, when Saturn will be barely under and to the proper of the Moon.
At the identical time Jupiter will be a really vibrant “star” under and to the proper of Saturn, within the northwest, and Mars will seem on the horizon, additional east. This is the best sort of occasion for a brand new viewer, as it’s invisible to the bare eye.
August 13: the Perseid meteor bathe will be lively for a lot of the month: it began on July seventeenth, and will final till August twenty fourth. But the utmost will be throughout August 13, when the estimate is as much as 24 meteors per hour in superb circumstances (clear sky, away from the sunshine air pollution of the cities).
To see it, search for its radiant, the constellation Perseus, beginning at 2:30 am, when it rises to the north. The finest time is earlier than dawn, round 6am.
August 14: Saturn will be reverse, that’s, instantly reverse the Sun within the sky, which makes it brighter. The planet will be seen all through the night time, rising within the jap horizon at 6:33 pm and setting within the west at 5:54 am.
Also on August 14th we will have a conjunction between the Moon and Jupiter. The pair will seem on the horizon to the east round 9:20 pm, with the space between them reducing in the course of the night time. At about 6am on the fifteenth, Saturn will be very near the moon, simply to the proper, going west.
August 19: conjunction between the Moon and Mars. The pair will be seen within the sky from 00:40, when it seems on the north-west horizon, and will be at its highest level within the sky round 6:00 to the north.
August 28: Mercury will attain its highest level within the sky at 5:54 pm, when the solar units, and will be very vibrant, which makes it straightforward to see: simply have a look at the horizon to the west.
In reality, the statement window is way bigger: it will be 20º or more above the horizon for nearly a month, between August 10 and September 9. August twenty eighth is precisely the day it will “peak”. The tip is at all times the identical: look west at sundown.
Moon phases in August sky
August begins with the primary quarter Moon and ends with a brand new moon. These are the phases of the moon in the course of the month:
- On August 5, 2022 at 08:06 the Moon will be within the first quarter
- On August 11, 2022 at 10:35 pm we will have a full moon
- On August 19, 2022 at 1:36 a.m. the moon will be in a waning quarter
- On August 27, 2022 at 5:17 am we will have the brand new moon
mission to the moon
NASA plans to launch the primary Artemis mission between late August and early September: the earliest date is August 29 at 10:33 a.m. ET. Launching on this date, Artemis I’d final for 42 days, with the Orion capsule returning to Earth 42 days after launch, on October tenth.
Artemis I will be unmanned: the aim of the mission is to check the Orion capsule and all its techniques throughout a visit “across the moon” earlier than the same mission, however with three US and Canadian astronauts, referred to as Artemis II , which ought to solely occur in May 2024.
If it isn’t potential to launch on the primary date, NASA will produce other alternatives on September 2 at 2:48 pm and September 5 at 7:12 pm. Regardless of the date, you may comply with the occasion dwell on NASA’s YouTube channel.