No, Minister Gilmar Ferreira Mendes didn’t graduate from Arcades Largo S. Francisco.
Your Excellency, as you already know, is a graduate from UnB, and later goes to review in Germany.
But little is understood, that the minister’s historical past is, in a manner, related to the Faculty of Law at S. Paulo.
And to know this connection, let’s return “a bit” in time and style some curiosities.
It was the morning of June 20, 1890.
The day had dawned foggy and chilly within the then small and shy S. Paulo de Piratininga. On that date, college students from Rio de Janeiro had been visiting the school. The teachers from São Paulo determined to advertise a ceremony, and the director launched in “step room” to carry the assembly. The professors had been invited. But one thing uncommon occurred. The Professor of Civil Law, the adviser Justino de Andrade stated,”in a second of maybe ailing well being, he expressed offensive ideas to teachers“.
Knowing this, the scholars determined to advertise an act of refusal, within the Franciscan fashion: as quickly because the trainer took the chair to begin the category, they’d all go away the room in protest.
But the professor knew what the teachers had been doing (was there a whistleblower?), and determined to confront the youth. He reached the room and, in an indignant tone, shouted: “Get out! Get out! To the road!”
Immediately the scholars shouted “Cheers”, and they walked away. On the way in which out, once they had been passing the strict grasp, it’s stated that some teachers shouted aggressive phrases towards the professor, and the senior responded -professor for the scholars too.
The younger folks instantly went to the telegraph workplace and despatched telegrams to the authorities of the Federal Capital, asking the grasp to resign. As recipients of the shoppers had been General Deodoro da Fonseca, Mr. Benjamin Constant, Mr. Francisco Glicério and Fr. Sales pitches.
The reality assertion prompted an uproar in society. The authorities opened an investigation to seek out out what occurred. Everyone heard, together with a number of college students.
On July 5, 1890, two weeks later, the younger pupil Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendeswho took an lively half within the cellular motion, already exhibiting a non-conformist character that may mark his life.
Ah… the tutorial sponsor Arcadas doesn’t conceal that we’re speaking in regards to the minister’s great-grandfather Gilmar Ferreira Mendes.
And now let’s get to know our character, who, along with a partnership, has many coincidences with the dean of the Supreme Court, exhibiting that the tutorial spirit transcends generations.
Scholar from San Francisco
Let’s return to 1890.
Before he testified to the federal government fee that handled this system of the coed struggle with the professor, the bearded Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendes will need to have mirrored on the circumstances that introduced him to the tutorial benches of pauliceia.
Descendants of pioneers who began inside the nation (Col. Francisco Alexandre Ferreira Mendes and D. Leonarda Maria Ferreira Mendes), extra exactly in Mato Grosso, the boy Joaquim Pereira took the opposite path. He left the historic village of Diamantino, whose identify doesn’t conceal its value, to – in a really painful journey – pursue the long-awaited bachelor’s diploma lengthy in São Paulo. When he arrived within the capital of São Paulo, he attended a demanding preparatory course (you needed to know Greek, Latin, English, philosophy, arithmetic, and many others.) to enter the Faculty, after having agree properly.
When the info reported with the lens of Civil Law occurred, it was already within the 4th yr of the Academy, as a result of it was accepted by “all in all” within the third yr. And he noticed a profitable profession forward.
After the fruitful educational interval, he graduated with distinction, on December 23, 1891, which is recorded with panegyrics in newspapers the following day.
A promoter of justice
Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendes is then named public prosecutor in São Paulo’s Tietê, a metropolis the place he was already a pupil, and the place he gave a speech, as soon as, to nice acclaim.
However, the Public Ministry of São Paulo didn’t take a lot time, demanding his launch in December 1893.
Soon after, after returning to his native nation, he was appointed director of public instruction.
There, his countrymen started to admire his speech and mind.
In 1898, with the rise within the variety of judges within the State of Mato Grosso, Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendes, who had graduated simply seven years earlier than, joined the Court as a decide. He was 28 years previous.
It would now be a peaceable peaceable life with the household rising fortunately on the banks of the Cuiabá River.
It can be, if it weren’t for the truth that the political state of affairs of the State was not but organized. Unnaturally we had entered the republican system. An earthquake got here right here and there. In Mato Grosso, which had the space from the continental Court (it took at the least 30 days to go from Cuiabá to Rio de Janeiro), we will think about the magnitude of the issues.
And that is the way it was, authorized safety, the decide Ferreira Mendes discovered himself concerned in political persecution, having to cover due to a revolution within the state, inspired by conservatism that was disgusted by the winds of progress.
A refugee, and in order that he wouldn’t take up arms, the one technique to save himself was to go to established establishments.
Federal Court of Justice
After being a affected person of the decide Ferreira Mendes, the senator Antonio Azeredo filed a habeas corpus within the Federal Supreme Court. The fascinating petition – by which the writer says that “that it might not match on a slender sheet of paper, the occasions of which the distant state was a theater” – was evaluated within the Supreme Court below number one.856.
It was November 20, 1901.
In November 1902, the STF determination got here to mild.
With a majority, the ministers Lúcio de Mendonça and Espírito Santo gained the case, the HC order was given to the decide Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendes.
It is curious to notice that precisely 100 years later, in 2002, the great-grandson of a HC beneficiary would sit in the identical Court.
In 1903, and noting that there have been no restrictions on the time, Judge Ferreira Mendes ran for the place of Federal Deputy on the ticket topped by Senator Generoso Ponce.
In the tip, Ferreira Mendes rejects the applying on behalf of General Joaquim Antonio Xavier do Valle, who finally ends up being the one who voted probably the most.
Judge, authorized schooling, secretary of state, authorized letters
Dedicated to the judiciary, he was president of the Court of Justice for 4 phrases (1907 to 1912, 1916, 1918 and from 1919 to 1920).
He additionally collected the put up of fiscal consultant of the Liceu Salesiano S. Gonçalo. He was even thought of for the place of deputy governor and, for a time, he was secretary of state, accepting the portfolio inside. At that point, hooked up to authorized literature – identical to his illustrious great-grandson -, he led the A authorized journala periodical publication, containing works on doctrine and legislation.
But the best coincidence with the grandson was but to return.
In August 2008, when the president of the CNJ, the minister Gilmar Mendes created the duty power of the jail. The minister studied the topic in depth, drew up proposals and managed, within the brief however fruitful time on the head of the CNJ, to determine strategies which might be nonetheless getting used and developed to today, 14 years after that.
In August 1915, eighty-three years earlier than the carcerário mutirões, the federal government of MT, by act No. a greater penal system, because the situation of the state was very precarious. On March 1, 1916, he offered a piece with photos and diagrams exhibiting the programs visited and the way it labored even overseas. If we had listened to the decide on the time, we’d not have had the issues we’ve right this moment.
Ferreira Mendes collaborated in a number of newspapers. He was one of many founders of Catholic League and the newspaper The cross. He participated in a number of associations, being one of many founders Historical Institute of Mato Grosso.
He retired in 1920, resulting from well being issues.
He was married to D. Maria Marques Ferreira Mendeshe died in 1908, by whom he had 9 youngsters:
Lamartine Ferreira Mendes (he additionally graduated from Arcadas, class of 1918; he was a prosecutor in SP, an inspector of Military Justice and an inspirational poet);
Prof. Francisco Alexandre Ferreira Mendes;
Waldemiro Ferreira Mendes;
Guiomar Ferreira Mendes Feitosa (coincidence the identical identify because the minister’s spouse, Prof. Guiomar Feitosa);
D. Maria Josefina Mendes Garcia;
Mario Ferreira Mendes (married to Castorina Sabo Mendes, they’re the grandparents of Minister Gilmar Ferreira Mendes);
D. Zilda Mendes Gardens;
Prof. Imilda Ferreira Mendes; and,
Joaquim Pereira Ferreira Mendes Filho.
Ill for a few years, he died in 1933, leaving an immortal work and leaving a great combating flame to his descendants.
As may be seen, not solely does minister Gilmar Mendes make the story, however he additionally has loads to inform.