A research revealed in early July by the Civil Registry Offices confirmed that the number of women who undertake their husband’s surname when they marry has decreased by 24% in 20 years. Currently, the surname change happens in 45% of marriages. In 2002, the number was 59.2%.
The rationalization for this discount could also be linked to a couple of issue. It is clear that with the passing of time, women have gained increasingly more area in society and have proven autonomy and independence. On the opposite hand, what might have an effect on the choice to incorporate or not the particular person’s surname is the nice paperwork concerned within the course of, because the lawyer Aline Viera remembers.
“In my opinion, women are attempting to be acknowledged in a basic context and never simply because of their husband’s surname. I consider that this discount is because of this issue and the paperwork within the attainable divorce motion, to alter all of the paperwork, “says the regulation
Cultural adjustments assist to know discount
According to Aline, this discount recorded by the registration workplaces displays the adjustments in society itself. “In the previous, the lady was solely recognized by together with her husband’s surname, she was restricted, solely generally known as a superb mom and spouse. Therefore, I consider in cultural change, and in the truth that women already really feel that they belong to the entire world. Today, she lives inside her uniqueness, acknowledged in all areas, whether or not skilled or private,” he affirms.
The proven fact that altering the surname is now an choice is already a plus for women. The lawyer explains that till the Nineteen Seventies, the alternate was the responsibility of married women in Brazil. “This follow turned non-obligatory with Law 6,515, on December 26, 1977, which establishes, in its article 17, the selection to remain or not with the married identify”, defined Aline.
In the previous, the adoption of the partner established a relationship of possession and declare, which was even acknowledged by the regulation of the time. “In the 1916 Code, the lady was not absolutely empowered and couldn’t fulfill the features of civil life, adhering to the rules of the conservation of the person as the pinnacle of the gay society, limiting her capability in several actions,” reveals the lawyer. . In this context, altering the surname was one other factor that strengthened all the custom of a patriarchal society. Not having property was thought-about a criminal offense.
The pattern is that the number continues to lower
Even with the drop of greater than 20% recorded lately, the number of women who nonetheless change their identify is excessive. For the lawyer Aline Vieira, the pattern is that this modification will lower. In addition, she remembers that the regulation presently permits the addition of the particular person’s surname and never one other.
“That is, she can not take away her maiden identify, besides in circumstances the place the removing is permitted by a lawsuit”, he explains.
“I consider that the second we get that we do not embrace the person’s surname has a huge impact, one thing that goes past feminine reassertion. It has a larger which means, in phrases of referring to the place”, reveals the lawyer.