The number of women who use their husband’s surname falls when they marry

If bearing your husband’s final title was as soon as a standing image, retaining your maiden title is now a means of reasserting feminine individuality. The cultural change was captured by the Civil Registry Offices. According to a examine revealed final week, within the final 20 years there was a discount of greater than 24% within the number of women who take their husband’s surname after marriage.

In 2002, 59.2% of women made this alternative. Since then, nevertheless, the registration places of work started to report a gradual decline. In 2010, this proportion was already 52.5%. Currently, it is the same as 45% of marriages – a fee that’s nonetheless thought of excessive. From a sensible level of view, there’s a lot of paperwork concerned in altering your surname. Historically, it’s a testomony to feminine advocacy.

“In on a regular basis life, generally we do not pay a lot consideration to individuals’s surnames, however particularly on the time of marriage it’s one of crucial components, which has an amazing emotional price and the symbolism of possession is essential”, says the writer. President of the Association of the National Register of Natural Persons (Arpen-Brazil), Gustavo Fiscarelli. “It is on the coronary heart of deciding which title to signal after marriage .”

In addition to an emblem of possession, defined by historian Mary Del Priore, the person’s title can point out that the girl just isn’t in a position to handle her personal life.

“right here we inherited the legislation of Rome; along with property, it reveals the concept of ​​impotence, that the girl was incapable. She is known as after the person as a result of she is sort of a baby”. defined the historian, writer of Survivors and Warriors: A Brief History of Women in Brazil from 1500 to 2000 (Ed. Planeta). “The Council of Trent (1545 -1563) ties this concept collectively when it organizes the patriarchal household and provides the appropriate of life and demise to women and kids.”


Until 1977, when divorce was authorised within the nation, the rule of marriage was to simply accept the husband’s surname. After the legislation was handed, nevertheless, it grew to become non-obligatory. The 1988 Constitution equalized the rights of males and women. Finally, the Civil Code of 2002 allowed the person to undertake the girl’s surname.

The fundamental alternative right this moment (for 47% of {couples}) is to maintain household surnames, a rise of 31% since 2002. In that 12 months, this was the selection for under 35.7% of {couples}. This 12 months’s preliminary information reveals that the numbers are nonetheless rising. In the primary 5 months of 2022, it was the selection of virtually 50% of {couples}.

A novelty launched by the Civil Code, the flexibility to take a lady’s surname with a person remains to be very uncommon within the nation. In 2021, solely 0.7% made this alternative on the time of marriage. The desire peaked in 2005, when it reached 2%. Changing surnames with each spouses, a typical alternative in a number of European nations, can be not fashionable in Brazil. Last 12 months, it was a alternative of solely 7.7% of the bride and groom – a lot lower than in 2014, when it was a alternative in 13.8% of the ceremonies.

Change in paperwork

The couple’s alternative of surnames sooner or later should be communicated to the Civil Registry Office on the time of marriage facilitation, when the private paperwork offered for by legislation are offered. The particular person who modifications their title should change all private paperwork. Another possibility is to current the wedding certificates each time you’ll want to present an identification doc.

“Until a number of years in the past, when she entered the registry workplace, the very first thing a lady requested was: ‘Do I’ve to take my husband’s title?’ Because that was all the time the customized, as a result of the mom did it, the grandmother did it, many of the boys requested for it,” says Fiscarelli. “For a number of years now, this has been altering, women perceive that they have the flexibility to say no, displaying an evolution in society.”

According to Mary Del Priore, the idea of “somebody’s spouse” has all the time existed. By adopting her personal title, explains the historian, she breaks with that concept. “Today, she does not should be anybody’s spouse to be a lady,” mentioned the historian.

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